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Iran vs Israel: Total Population, Manpower, Military Personnel, Airpower, and Land Power

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Iran vs Israel: Total Population, Manpower, Military Personnel, Airpower, and Land Power

In this detailed examination, we’ll explore the military strengths of two pivotal nations in the Middle East: Iran and Israel. By delving into various facets such as population, manpower, military personnel, financial resources, airpower, land power, naval capabilities, logistics, and natural resources, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of each country’s military prowess.

Total Population and Manpower

Iran, with a population of approximately 87.6 million, boasts a significant demographic advantage over Israel, which has around 9.04 million inhabitants. This substantial population size translates into a larger pool of available manpower for Iran, with 49.05 million individuals fit for service, compared to Israel’s 3.80 million. When considering those fit for service, Iran maintains a substantial lead with 41.17 million individuals, outpacing Israel’s 3.16 million.

Military Personnel

iran military personnel

Active Personnel

Iran’s active military force comprises approximately 610,000 personnel, demonstrating its commitment to maintaining a formidable standing army. In contrast, Israel’s active personnel number around 170,000, reflecting a smaller but highly trained and efficient force.

Reserve Personnel

Iran possesses 350,000 reserve personnel, while Israel maintains a larger reserve force of 465,000, indicating Israel’s emphasis on preparedness and readiness for potential conflicts.



Paramilitary Forces

Iran’s paramilitary forces, totaling 220,000 personnel, play a crucial role in complementing its regular military capabilities. In comparison, Israel’s paramilitary force consists of 35,000 individuals, highlighting a smaller but specialized component of its overall defense strategy.

Financial Resources

Defense Budget

Iran allocates approximately $9.95 billion to its defense budget, reflecting a significant investment in its military capabilities. Conversely, Israel’s defense budget of $24.4 billion signifies a higher level of financial commitment to national security and defense.

READ ALSO: Iran Warns Countries Against Opening Airspace to Israel Amid Rising Tensions

External Debt and Foreign Reserves

Iran’s external debt stands at $8 billion, significantly lower than Israel’s $135 billion, indicating a more favorable fiscal position for Iran. However, Israel boasts a higher foreign reserve of $212.93 billion, providing it with additional financial flexibility in defense spending and other strategic initiatives.


iran missiles on israel

Total Aircraft and Fighter Aircraft

Iran operates a fleet of 551 aircraft, including 186 fighter jets, showcasing its air force’s size and diversity. In comparison, Israel’s air force comprises 612 aircraft, including 241 fighters, highlighting its superior airpower capabilities and technological sophistication.

Attack Helicopters

Israel maintains 48 attack helicopters, while Iran possesses 13, indicating Israel’s advantage in close air support and ground attack capabilities.

Land Power

Tank Strength and Armored Vehicles

Iran’s arsenal includes 1,996 tanks and 65,765 armored vehicles, demonstrating its significant land power capabilities. Israel, with 1,370 tanks and 43,407 armored vehicles, focuses on a more technologically advanced and maneuverable armored force.

Self-Propelled Artillery

Iran maintains 580 self-propelled artillery units, slightly fewer than Israel’s 650, showcasing a comparable level of artillery firepower and support capabilities between the two nations.

Naval Power

Fleet Strength and Submarines

Iran’s naval fleet comprises 101 vessels, including 19 submarines, reflecting its emphasis on maintaining a robust maritime presence in the region. In contrast, Israel’s fleet consists of 67 vessels, with 5 submarines, highlighting its smaller but highly capable naval force.


Airports and Merchant Marine

Iran boasts 319 airports and a merchant marine fleet of 942 vessels, underscoring its extensive logistical infrastructure and maritime capabilities. Meanwhile, Israel’s 42 airports and 45 merchant marine vessels emphasize a smaller but strategically located logistical network.

Natural Resources

Oil Production

Iran leads in oil production, producing approximately 3.45 million barrels per day, which provides it with significant economic leverage and resources. Israel, lacking domestic oil production, relies on imports for its energy needs, highlighting its reliance on international trade and strategic partnerships.


In conclusion, the comparison between Iran and Israel reveals a complex interplay of demographic, financial, and military factors that shape their respective defense postures. While Iran boasts a larger population and land-based military assets, Israel maintains superiority in airpower, technological innovation, and strategic depth. Understanding these dynamics is essential for assessing regional security dynamics and geopolitical developments in the Middle East.

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